# Unleash Your Residuals Potential with Expert Support and Comprehensive Practice

Recent questions in Residuals
Davirnoilc 2022-11-17

## Show explicitly that the following identity holds under a Simple Linear Regression:with residuals ${r}_{i}={y}_{i}-\stackrel{^}{{\mu }_{i}}$ and $\stackrel{^}{{\mu }_{i}}=\stackrel{^}{{\beta }_{0}}+\stackrel{^}{{\beta }_{1}}{x}_{i}$.my steps:how to proceed?

linnibell17591 2022-11-14

## Show that $\stackrel{^}{e}$ and $\stackrel{^}{\beta }$, the residuals and coefficient vector for the OLS problem $y=X\beta +ϵ$, are uncorrelated.

Celeste Barajas 2022-11-04

## Having run a regression I check the estimated kernel density of the residuals. They appear nearly normal.What can I conclude based on this? Can I say that my regression is 'good' in some sense as a result?

Aryanna Fisher 2022-11-02

## Why the residuals do not sum to 0 when we don't have the intercept in simple linear regression?

4enevi 2022-10-28

## How can to prove the variance of residuals in simple linear regression?$\mathrm{var}\left({r}_{i}\right)={\sigma }^{2}\left[1-\frac{1}{n}-\frac{\left({x}_{i}-\overline{x}{\right)}^{2}}{\sum _{l=1}^{n}\left({x}_{l}-\overline{x}\right)}\right]$my try:using${r}_{i}={y}_{i}-\stackrel{^}{{y}_{i}}$$\mathrm{var}\left({r}_{i}\right)=\mathrm{var}\left({y}_{i}-\stackrel{^}{{y}_{i}}\right)=\mathrm{var}\left({y}_{i}-\overline{y}\right)+\mathrm{var}\left(\stackrel{^}{{\beta }_{1}}\left({x}_{i}-\overline{x}\right)\right)-2\mathrm{Cov}\left(\left({y}_{i}-\overline{y}\right),\stackrel{^}{{\beta }_{1}}\left({x}_{i}-\overline{x}\right)\right)$How can I go further?

Rubi Garner 2022-10-21

## Compute using residuals the integral of the following function over the positively oriented circle $|z|=3$My solution: The only singular point of $f$ in $|z|\le 3$ is $z=0$ (double pole) and its remainder is therefore${\mathrm{Res}}_{z=0}f\left(z\right)=\underset{z\to 0}{lim}\frac{1}{\left(2-1\right)!}{\left(\frac{{e}^{-z}{z}^{2}}{{z}^{2}}\right)}^{\mathrm{\prime }}=\underset{z\to 0}{lim}-{e}^{-z}=-1$Consequently, ${\int }_{|z=3|}f\left(z\right)=2\pi i{\mathrm{Res}}_{z=0}f\left(z\right)=-2\pi i.$this right?

Angel Kline 2022-10-16

## In a linear model, we defined residuals as:$e=y-\stackrel{^}{y}=\left(I-H\right)y$ where $H$ is the hat matrix $X\left({X}^{T}X{\right)}^{-1}{X}^{T}$and we defined standardized residuals as:${r}_{i}=\frac{{e}_{i}}{s\sqrt{1-{h}_{ii}}}$, $i=1,...,n$where ${s}^{2}$ is the usual estimate of ${\sigma }^{2}$, $var\left({e}_{i}\right)={\sigma }^{2}{h}_{ii}$, and ${h}_{ii}$ is the diagonal entry of $H$ at the ${i}^{th}$ row and ${i}^{th}$ columnWhy ${r}_{i}$ and ${e}_{i}$ are functions of ${h}_{ii}$ rather than the whole row ${h}_{i}$?

priscillianaw1 2022-10-08

## Given a set of data with $11$ observations of two variables (response and predictor), I've been asked to "calculate the fitted values ${\stackrel{^}{y}}_{i}=\stackrel{^}{\alpha }+\stackrel{^}{\beta }{x}_{i}^{\prime }$ and residuals ${e}_{i}={y}_{i}-{\stackrel{^}{y}}_{i}$ by hand".What is the question asking me to do here? I have thus far estimated the regression line for the data in the form ${\stackrel{^}{y}}_{i}=\stackrel{^}{\alpha }+\stackrel{^}{\beta }{x}_{i}^{\prime }$ by calculating the coefficients

Sluisu4 2022-09-30

## Statistics (Regression Analysis): Show that the residuals from a linear regression model can be expressed as $\mathbf{e}=\left(\mathbf{I}-\mathbf{H}\right)ϵ$The bold represents vectors or matrices.I know that $\mathbf{e}=\mathbf{y}-\mathbf{H}\mathbf{y}$So I tried expanding this to,$\mathbf{e}=\mathbf{X}\beta +ϵ-\mathbf{H}\mathbf{X}\beta \mathbf{-}\mathbf{H}ϵ$At this point I can see how to derive the more traditional,$\mathbf{e}\mathbf{=}\mathbf{\left(}\mathbf{I}\mathbf{-}\mathbf{H}\mathbf{\right)}\mathbf{y}$how to solve the original problem?

Zack Chase 2022-09-24

## Suppose there is a Quadratic relationship between a predictor, which exhibits a trend over time, and the response but we included only a linear term for that predictor in the linear regression model. Which of the following will happen if we use linear model for this regression model?Will the diagnostics show autocorrelation in the residuals?Do you think the residuals will add up to 0?

Makaila Simon 2022-09-24

## Finding singularities and residualsLet $f\left(z\right)=\frac{1}{\left(z-1\right)\left(2z-1\right)}$. Then$f\left(z\right)=\frac{1}{z-1}-\frac{2}{2z-1}=-\sum _{k=0}^{\mathrm{\infty }}{z}^{k}-\frac{1}{z\left(1-\frac{1}{2z}\right)}$$=-\left(1+z+{z}^{2}+{z}^{3}+\cdots +{z}^{k}+\dots \right)-\frac{1}{z}\ast \left(1+\frac{1}{2z}+\frac{1}{\left(2z{\right)}^{2}}+\cdots +\frac{1}{\left(2z{\right)}^{k}}+\dots \right)$$=-\left(1+z+{z}^{2}+{z}^{3}+\cdots +{z}^{k}+\dots \right)-\frac{1}{z}\ast \left(1+\frac{1}{2z}+\frac{1}{\left(2z{\right)}^{2}}+\cdots +\frac{1}{\left(2z{\right)}^{k}}+\dots \right)$Therefore, the origin is an essential singularity of $f\left(z\right)$ with residue $-1$.

pulpenoe 2022-09-24

## Suppose we have model $Y=X\beta$ and first collumn of $X$ consists of 1$1$. Why the sum of residuals in the this regression model equals $0$? And why in generall it doesn't, when there is no constant term?

vagnhestagn 2022-09-07

## In a normal linear model (with intercept), show that if the residuals satisfy ${e}_{i}=a+\beta {x}_{i}$, for $i=1\dots n$, where $x$ is a predictor in the model, then each residual is equal to zero.How to do this

Brodie Beck 2022-09-07

## Let's suppose a regression between earnings and age (and suppose I do not know the distribution of earnings). Would it be possible for the residuals to be normally distributed?I am thinking it would not be possible since earnings only takes on positive values and since the support of the normal is from $-\mathrm{\infty }$ to $\mathrm{\infty }$, it would not be normal. However, since residuals are errors, they can be both positive and negative, so I am starting to question my hypothesis here.

Ronin Tran 2022-08-22

## In a simple linear regression $Y=X\beta +\epsilon$, residuals are given by $\stackrel{^}{\epsilon }=M\epsilon$, where $M={I}_{n}-P$ is the annihilator matrix, and $P=X\left({X}^{T}X{\right)}^{-1}{X}^{T}$ is the projection matrix, and $X$ is the design matrix. Assuing that the errors $\epsilon$ are iid normal with mean $0$ and standard deviation$\sigma$, what is the joint (conditional on $X$) distribution of the residuals $\stackrel{^}{\epsilon }$?

roletatx 2022-08-21

## Model:${y}_{i}={B}_{0}+\sum _{i=0}^{p}{B}_{k}{X}_{ik}+{e}_{i}$show the sum of squared residuals is zero if $p=\left(n-1\right)$

Makayla Eaton 2022-08-17

## When the residuals follow a normal distribution, the most likely function that fits the data is found using least squares. In that case:$y=f\left({x}_{i}\right)+{r}_{i},\phantom{\rule{1em}{0ex}}r\sim \mathcal{N}\left(0,{\sigma }^{2}\right)$What happens when $r\sim \mathcal{N}\left(0,\sigma \left(x{\right)}^{2}\right)\phantom{\rule{mediummathspace}{0ex}}$?

Trevor Rush 2022-08-16

## Consider a linear regression model, i.e., $Y={\beta }_{0}+{\beta }_{1}{x}_{i}+{ϵ}_{i}$, where ${ϵ}_{i}$ satisfies the classical assumptions. The estimation method of the coefficients ($\left({\beta }_{0},\beta \right)$) is the least-squared method. What would be an intuitive explanation of why the sum of residuals is $0$?

sarahkobearab4 2022-08-16